English grammar is a skill with which parents and students alike often struggle. However, a lack of understanding
can affect one’s writing ability in English and other classes. By focusing specifically on English grammar for a
short time, students will see how understanding sentence structure can improve their writing, and that there are
actually reasons for where commas belong, rather than randomly guessing, “I think I need a comma here.” English
grammar gets a bad rap because of the exceptions, and yet it really is quite logical when presented in incremental
lessons. The English Grammar mini-courses consist of a series of three levels of courses, covering all of the
grammar expected by early high school.
The English Grammar mini-courses consist of a series of three levels of courses, covering all of the grammar expected by early high school. Summer is a fantastic time to focus intentionally on grammar so that the student is better prepared for the next level of English classes in the fall.
English Grammar Level 1 Winter 2019
In Level 1, geared for 6th-7th graders, students will focus on
- Nouns, including common and proper nouns and capitalization; personal pronouns including pronoun
agreement; and subjects, which are usually nouns or pronouns, including simple, compound, complete subjects.
- Verbs including basic and perfect tenses, and predicates, including simple, compound, complete
predicates; identifying fragments and simple sentences; subject/predicate agreement; and identifying a verb
as helping, action, or linking.
- Identifying adjectives and adverbs; using them to add color and variety to sentences; positive, comparative,
and superlative forms of adjectives & adverbs and using form; and adverb sentence starters to improve
- Prepositional phrases, including the object of the preposition; prepositions that aren’t actually acting as
prepositions; separating prepositional phrases since the subject/predicate/complement will not be in one;
and using prepositional phrases as sentence starters to improve writing.
- Finding verb complements (direct object and indirect object, if there is one) of an action verb; and finding
the subject complements (predicate adjective or predicate noun) for a linking verb.
- Understanding the difference between a phrase and a clause; an introduction to conjunctions; identifying
independent and dependent clauses; and identifying types of sentences (declarative, interrogative,
- Diagramming simple sentences including subject and predicate, including compound subjects/predicates,
direct object, indirect objects, and adjectives, adverbs, and prepositional phrases.
- Punctuation marks including end punctuation, basic commas, apostrophes, quotation marks, and italics.
Students will watch a 15-20 minute pre-recorded grammar lecture, taught by the instructor, each day Monday-
Thursday, as well as complete one or two practice exercises on that skill. On Friday, there is a review exercise as
well as a quiz. On Monday at 3:30 p.m. EST, there will be an optional “live” class to review the material from the
previous week. Students are not required to attend this class, but in doing so they will have time to ask questions
about anything they didn’t understand; students can also arrange a time to “meet” with Mrs. G at other times during
the week for extra help, if needed. The live class time may not take the full hour, depending on how many questions
are asked and will often include playing a review game if enough students attend.
Who Should Apply?
Any middle school student that hasn’t had intentional, focused English grammar lessons, especially if his or her writing suffers from it, and wants to do better. Grade levels are just suggested; older students can take earlier levels, if needed.
Contact Mrs. Graybill with questions: Mrs.BevGraybill@gmail.com